The hip joint is a ball and socket joint (the body's largest), formed by two bones; the femur (thigh bone) and the pelvis. Ball and socket joints allow for a large range of motion and fit together in a way that allows for cushioning and lubrication of the joint for free movement. Surrounding the hip joint are many soft tissue structures that aid movement and stability, such as muscles, tendon attachments, cartilage, ligaments and fascia. Any structure within the hip joint complex can flare up and cause discomfort.
Pain experienced in the hip is more commonly a chronic complaint, meaning that the condition been there for a while, not the result of sudden trauma.
The signs and symptoms of hip pain may include:
There are many different causes of hip pain, ranging from acute trauma, to lifelong hereditary conditions.
Some of the more common causes for hip pain are:
Arthritis Osteoarthritis is the most common cause for adults requiring hip surgery. Other arthritis, such as psoriatic arthritis, or rheumatoid arthritis can also cause hip pain.
Hip fractures Is more common in in older adults, due to the increased risk of falling, and a decreased bone density (osteoporosis) associated with age.
Bursitis Is an inflammation of a bursae, these are fluid filled sacs found between muscles, bone and tendons, their function is to decrease friction between tissues.
Tendinitis/tendinopathy Tendons are strong bands of tissue which attach muscles to bone, tendinitis or tendinopathy is inflammation of a tendon usually due to overuse.
Muscle strain Can occur due to repeated activities putting strain on the muscles, or acute injury.
Hip labral tear The labrum is a ring of cartilage which surrounds the ‘socket’ part of the joint. It is essential to keep the joint sturdy and in place. This can be damaged due to trauma, repetitive activities or joint dislocation.
Avascular necrosis Necrosis means death of tissue, when the blood flow due to the hip joint is disrupted or reduced (due to injury or circulatory problems) the bone of the hip doesnt get the blood and nutrients required and tissue death occurs.
Foot and lower limb mechanics A leg length difference, for example can cause hip pain.
Podiatry can benefit biomechanical hip pain, this is hip pain contributed from lower limb mechanics. Biomechanical hip pain tends to be discomfort which is mainly experienced with walking and aggravated by certain activities or sports. During your initial assessment treatment options will be discussed with you.
A biomechanical assessment involves a gait analysis (looking at the way you walk). It will assess your body and how it moves, which will provide the podiatrist with valuable information that will aid successful treatment. Treatment for biomechanical hip pain may include:
If you have a problem with your foot or lower limb, and you are unsure whether or not podiatry can help you, then why not contact us. If you have any questions or would like to book an appointment then please email us at email@example.com or call us on 0151 558 0099.
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