A corn is a small area of thickened hard skin, usually they are roughly rounded shape and press press into the underlying tissue. They form into pyramid or cone shape in the skin, and are often found over the maximum pressure points on the feet. Corns generally do not go away by themselves, building up until they cause a great deal of discomfort. In serious cases, if left untreated corns can predispose underlying abscesses or skin ulceration.
There are different types of corn:
Is the most common type of corn, a typical place for a hard corn to occur is on the bony joints of the toes, or the balls of the feet. They are usually easily removed in one treatment by a podiatrist.
A soft corn is a corn which has been subject to macceration (water logging), they typically occur between the toes where sweat accumulates. Soft corns are a white mass with a rubbery texture, treatment and advice regarding drying out the area of tissue will be indicated.
Seed corns are very small corns which tend to appear as a mound in clusters on the bottom of the feet, there is rarely one or two. Seed corns have an association with dry skin and can be completely painless.
Fibrous corns are tough in nature and can be very uncomfortable, they have usually been present a long time with no treatment and can be uncomfortable to remove.
Vascular corns, as the name suggests, have a blood supply, therefore usually bleed when removed. They can appear anywhere on the foot.
Corns won't disappear by themself until the pressure is removed and tend to get worse without proper treatment. If the cause is not removed, the skin could become thicker and become more painful over time. The podiatrist will reduce the hard skin overlying and the remove the corn with a scalpel.
You can purchased remedies such as corn plasters to treat corns over the counter. These often contain an acid and however, do not treat the primary cause of the corn. Podiatrists do not advocate use of corn plasters as these may further compound the issue.
Podiatrists are the healthcare professional to visit if someone has a corn, they are the experts in removal and treatment of corns. Benefits of podiatry for corns involve:
If you have diabetes, circulation or neurological issues it is particularly important to see a podiatrist regularly for the management of corns, to prevent skin break down / ulceration.
If you have a problem with your foot or lower limb, and you are unsure whether or not podiatry can help you, then why not contact us. If you have any questions or would like to book an appointment then please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call us on 0151 558 0099.
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